Founded 544 at Ard Tiprait on the Shannon, by Saint Ciaran. The masters were chosen simply for their learning and zeal, and pupils thronged from all parts of Ireland, France, and England. In the 12th century it was a center of Celtic art, architecture, sculpture, and metal-work, and its ruins may still be seen, with the exception of the little church of Ciaran.
- “Abbey and School of Clonmacnoise”. . Saints.SQPN.com. 18 January 2013. Web. 21 May 2013. <>