archbishop

Greek: archos, chief; episkopos, bishop

The bishop of an archdiocese who presides over one or more dioceses, forming an ecclesiastical province. He is also styled metropolitan, because his see is usually the most important city of the province. Today an archbishop usually cannot interfere with the affairs of a diocese other than his own, but he has the right and duty to call the bishops to a provincial council, and also to act as first judge of appeal from a decision of one of his suffragan bishops. In the Eastern Church, archbishops as a rule are merely titular.