Priest. Canon of the church of Saint Lambert, the cathedral of Liège, when a young man. Cistercian monk at Villers, Belgium in 1199. Prior of Villers. Abbot of Villers in 1209. Abbot of Clairvaux in 1214. Abbot of Citeaux in 1217. General of the Cistercians. Created Cardinal Bishop of Porto and Santa Rufina by Pope Honorius III on 8 January 1219. Papal legate to France from 1220 to 1223. Ordered to suppress the Albigenses in France. Preached Crusade in Germany in from 1224 to 1226. Chosen pope at the death of Honorius III, but he declined the throne.
- 1227 of natural causes
- Book of Saints, by the Monks of Ramsgate
- Catholic Encyclopedia
- New Catholic Dictionary
- Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Saints