AGATHA (Saint) Virgin Martyr (February 5) (3rd century) Palermo and Catania both claim the honour of being the birthplace of this famous Sicilian Saint, whose name, enshrined in the Litany of the Saints and in the Canon of the Mass, appears in the old Martyrology of Carthage and in all others, Greek and Latin. In the numerous frescoes and sculptures which have come down to us from antiquity, she is represented holding a pair of pincers or with other instruments of the tortures to which she was subjected. The traditional details of her bitter Passion are given in the Lections for her Feast in the Roman Breviary. After suffering exquisite tortures, she died of her wounds in prison at Catania, during the persecution under Decius (A.D. 250). The miracles by which her intercession has preserved Catania in successive eruptions of Mount Etna are well authenticated. Her Acts in Latin, alleged to be based on others from the pen of an eye-witness of her martyr-dom, are substantially reliable.