ALPHONSUS LIGUORI (Saint) Bishop, Doctor of the Church. (August 2) (18th century) Born at Naples of an ancient and noble family, he began his public life as a barrister, but soon renounced his prospects of a brilliant career to devote himself exclusively to the service of God. He joined a Society of priests formed for the purpose of giving missions and instruction to the people of the Kingdom of Naples, and became a true Apostle of Christ who crowned his preaching and labours with wonderful success and with the gift of working miracles. At Benevento he founded the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer to perpetuate this special work of mission-giving. After refusing many Bishoprics, he was prevailed upon to accept that of S. Agata dei Goti, by Pope Clement XIII. As a bishop he showed himself a model of every pastoral virtue, but owing to failing health, finally obtained permission to resign his See. The remainder of his life he employed in the composition of theological and ascetical works, which display both deep learning and a wonderful spirit of fervent piety. He was also a poet and a musician. He died in his ninetieth year (A..D. 1787) in the odour of sanctity and was canonised by Pope Gregory XVI in the year 1839. In 1871, Pius IX proclaimed him a Doctor of the Church. Artists usually represent him in the attitude of prayer with a monstrance in his hand, or writing with pen and paper before a crucifix.