ANDREW (Saint) Apostle (November 30) (1st century) A native of Bethsaida in Galilee, elder brother of Saint Peter, by profession a fisherman. He was a disciple of Saint John the Baptist, and was the first of the Apostles to be called by Christ. There is no certainty as to the sphere of his missionary labours after the Ascension. It is, however, generally agreed that he laboured chiefly in Greece and in the Balkan countries. The Russians, who have taken him for one of their Patron Saints, assert that in his travels he penetrated at least as far as Poland. Tradition has it that he was crucified (on a cross of the shape of the letter X) at Patras in Achaia (Greece) (A.D. 60) during the reign of Nero. His relics were enshrined at Constantinople, whence Saint Gregory the Great (A.D. 590) obtained an arm for his monastery of Saint Andrew in Rome. Thither, later, the Apostle’s head was also carried, and is venerated in Saint Peter’s. The emblem of Saint Andrew usual in art is his cross (saltire).