CAESARIUS and JULIAN (Saints) Martyrs (November 1) (1st century) Caesarius, a deacon from Africa, while witnessing at Terracina a barbarous human sacrifice boldly proclaimed himself a Christian, and denounced the proceedings. He was thereupon seized by the heathen mob and thrown into the sea. Julian, a priest, shared his fate. They are probably Martyrs of the very beginnings of Christianity in Italy, though some contend that they are among those who died in the great persecution under Diocletian after the year 300. A church outside Rome, on the Appian Way, gives his title of Saint Caesarius to one of the Cardinal Deacons.