CAESARIUS of ARLES (Saint) Bishop (August 27) (6th century) “The first Ecclesiastic in the Gaul of his time” (Smith and Wace). Born at Chalon-sur-Saone in the year 470, he retired at the age of twenty to the famous monastery of the Isle of Lerins in the Mediterranean. Ten years later he became Archbishop of Aries, and presided over several Councils, among them that of Orange (A.D. 529), against the Semi-Pelagians. He is best known for his Liturgical reforms and for his efforts to propagate and perfect monachism. The Rules he wrote for monks and nuns are still extant. He also took a somewhat prominent part in the politics of the period, and more than once was banished by his opponents when in power. He died A.D. 542.