COSMAS and DAMIAN (Saints) Martyrs (September 27) (4th century) Two brothers, by profession physicians, who on principle refused to accept any remuneration for their services. Arabs by birth, they lived at AEgea in Cilicia (Asia Minor) where, arrested as Christians, they were put to the torture and in the end beheaded in the persecution under Diocletian (A.D. 303 about). With them suffered their other three brothers, Anthimus, Leontius and Euprepius. Their relics were brought to Rome, where an important church was dedicated in their honour. Their memory has always been in great venera- tion in the East and in the West. Two other pairs of brothers of the same name have place in the Menologies of the Greeks.