ELISABETH of HUNGARY (Saint) Widow (November 19) (13th century) The daughter of Alexander II, King of Hungary, born A.D. 1207, and when only four years of age, promised in marriage to Louis, son of the Landgrave of Thuringia. She was educated at the Thuringian Court, where she suffered much from the jealousy of her future relatives. Louis, however, to whom she was married in 1221, proved himself a husband worthy of her. With his permission, and to his secret delight, she multiplied her works of mercy; for her love of the poor was boundless. Even in her dress she sought to be like them. On her husband’s death at Otranto in 1227, while on his way with the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa to take part in the defence of the Holy Land, she with her children was stripped of everything and reduced to the direst straits by an opposing faction, headed by her brother-in-law. Befriended at length, and having seen her son Herman reinstated in his inheritance, she took the habit of the Third Order of Saint Francis (of which she is the Patron Saint), and remaining in the world, busied herself to the day of her death (November 19, 1231) in works of charity and piety. Her relics are enshrined at Marpurg, the place of her decease, in Thuringia. She was canonised only four years after her death by Pope Gregory IX.