(Hieronymus) (Saint) (September 30) Doctor of the Church. (5th century) Born at Stridonium in Dalmatia, Saint Jerome studied in Rome, visited the then chief centres of learning in Gaul and in Greece, and became the most erudite scholar of his age. Retiring into the Desert of Syria, he continued to divide his time between prayer and study, though not without exercising a helpful influence on the Church affairs of the period. Repairing to Rome and ordained priest, he became the confidant and adviser of Pope Saint Damasus, at whose death he returned to the East. There, attended by the cultured Roman ladies, Paula and Eustochia, he settled at Bethlehem, where he passed away, September 30, A.D. 420. His life was one of troubles and vicissitudes, but sanctified by assiduous prayer and unremitting toil. His body is enshrined at Saint Mary Major’s, in Rome. He is famous for his compilation of the great Vulgate edition of the Bible, which is that authorised down to our own times by the Church. It is partly an original translation from the Hebrew, partly a revised text of the Vetus Italica, or primitive Latin version of the Scriptures, and, taken as a whole, is assuredly the most reliable authority on the genuine text that has remained to us.
- Monks of Ramsgate. “Jerome”. , 1921. Saints.SQPN.com. 20 October 2013. Web. 27 December 2014. <>