(Saint) Bishop (January 27) Doctor of the Church. (5th century) Surnamed Chrysostom (Golden-Tongued) from his marvellous and persuasive eloquence. A Syrian of Antioch, born A.D. 344 and trained by able masters, he renounced the all but certain prospect of a distinguished public career to take Holy Orders. After leading for some time the life of an Ascetic or Monk, he was ordained priest by Saint Meletius of Antioch, and became, as was said, “the eye, the ear, and the hand of his Bishop.” Raised on account of his merit (A.D. 397) to the great See of Constantinople, his success in reforming the dissolute life of the Eastern Capital – one of the glories of his life – while it endeared him to his flock, raised up against him powerful enemies in the Court of the weak Emperor, Arcadius – chief among them, the Empress Eudoxia. Pretexts were invented, and in a gathering of Bishops, misnamed a Synod, Chrysostom was deposed and banished (A.D. 403), in defiance of the Pope who, as was to have been expected, strenuously espoused his cause. The Saint died in exile, September 14, A.D. 407, at Comana in Cappadocia, of the hardships he had been made to endure. His body was brought back to Constantinople in A.D. 434, and later translated to Saint Peter’s in Rome. His noble writings, which include a revised Greek Liturgy, full Commentaries on Holy Scripture, a Treatise on the Priesthood, and many Homilies, are among the most valuable of those we owe to the Fathers of the Church.
- Monks of Ramsgate. “John Chrysostom”. , 1921. Saints.SQPN.com. 21 October 2013. Web. 30 January 2015. <>