Ordained in the diocese of Southwark, England on 11 June 1884. Coadjutor Bishop of Southwark and Titular Bishop of Epiphania in Cilicia on 27 March 1896. Bishop of Southwark on 9 April 1897. Archbishop of Westminster, England on 11 September 1903. Cardinal-Priest of San Pudenziana on 27 November 1911. Participated in the 1914 conclave that elected Pope Benedict XV. Participated in the 1922 conclave that elected Pope Pius XI.