Castel Gandolfo

[Pontifical Villa in Castel Gandolfo]
A papal palace built by Pope Urban VIII in the 17th century, the former summer residence of the popes, situated in the town of the same name, 14 miles southeast of Rome. By the Law of Guarantees it has (prior to the ratification of the Lateran Treaty on 7 June 1929), together with the Vatican and the Palace of the Lateran, always enjoyed the right if extraterritoriality rendering it free from government visitation or inspection without papal authorization. The Villa Santa Catarina, at Castel Gandolfo, was purchased as a summer residence for the students of the North American College at Rome.