Archive for the ‘People of the Faith’ Category.

Father Prosper Louis Paschal Guéranger

Article

Liturgist. Ordained in 1827, he labored from 1831 to 1837 to re-establish the Rule of Saint Benedict at Solesmes, France, and was appointed Superior-general of the Benedictines of France by Pope Gregory XVI in 1837. An ardent servant of the Church, Dom Gueranger tried to establish more filial relations between France and the Holy See. He was a prolific writer, devoting his talents to historical and liturgical subjects and to controversial works, which are, however, of slight interest today. In 1841 he began to publish his most famous work, Liturgical Year, in which he endeavored to familiarize the faithful with the official prayers of the Church, by introducing fragments of the Eastern and Western liturgies with interpretations and commentaries. His Cause for Canonization has opened.

Born

Died

Venerated

  • if you have information relevant to this Cause, contact
       Dom Jacques de Préville, OSB
       Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes
       72300 Solesmes, FRANCE

MLA Citation

  • “Father Prosper Louis Paschal Guéranger“. People of the Faith. Saints.SQPN.com. 23 July 2014. Web. 28 July 2014. <>

Brother Bernardo Vaz Lobo Teixeira de Vasconcelos

Also known as

  • Bernardo of the Assumption
  • Bernardo da Anunciada

Profile

Studied at the University of Coimbra, Portugal. Member of the Saint Vincent de Paul Society. Devoted to eucharistic adoration. Editor of a journal devoted to democracy. Discerning a call to religious life, he entered the Mosteiro de Singeverga on 16 August 1924, joined Benedictine Annunciation Congregation, and made his vows on 29 September 1925, taking the name Brother Bernardo da Anunciada. Sent to the Abbey of Mont-César in Belgium to study theology, he soon had to return home, having contracted tuberculosis. Poet. Wrote Cântico de Amor. His Cause for Canonization has opened.

Born

Died

Venerated

  • if you have information relevant to this Cause, contact
       Abadia de S. Bento de Singeverga
       Rua Mosteiro de Singeverga, 200
       4795-309 Roriz STS, PORTUGAL

MLA Citation

  • “Brother Bernardo Vaz Lobo Teixeira de Vasconcelos“. Saints.SQPN.com. 4 July 2014. Web. 28 July 2014. <>

Bishop Alfredo Verzosa y Florentin

Profile

Obtained his degree in theology from the University of Santo Tomas, Philippines in 1904. ordained to the priesthood on 24 December 1904. Bishop of Lipa, Philippines on 6 September 1916. Apostolic Administrator of Nueva Segovia, Philippines from 1926 to 1927. He built churches, convents and schools in his diocese – and then worked to rebuild after the destruction of World War II; he was always involved in the teaching of the catechism. Founded the Missionary Catechists of the Sacred Heart. He retired from his see and was appointed titular bishop of Capsa on 25 February 1951. His Cause for Canonization opened in 2013.

Born

Died

Venerated

  • if you have information relevant to this Cause contact
       Missionary Catechists of the Sacred Heart
       City Park Subdivision
       Sabang
       Lipa City 4217, PHILIPPINES

MLA Citation

  • “Bishop Alfredo Verzosa y Florentin“. Saints.SQPN.com. 22 June 2014. Web. 28 July 2014. <>

Mother Marie-Adèle Garnier

Also known as

  • Marie of Saint Peter

Profile

One of five children. Worked as a tutor and governess. Greatly devoted to the devotion of perpetual adoration. Hermitess at the Montmarte basilica in Paris, France. Founded the Adorers of the Sacred Heart of Jesus of Montmartre in 1898 under the Benedictine Rule. In 1901 during a period of persecution of religious orders, the Adorers fled to England, founding a convent at the site of the deaths of Tyburn martyrs in London. Today they have houses in England, Scotland, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Italy, Nigeria and France. Her Cause for Canonization has opened.

Born

Died

Venerated

  • if you have information relevant to this Cause, contact
       Rev. Luis Fernando Escalante
       Tyburn Convent
       8 Hyde Park Place
       London W2 2LJ, England, UNITED KINGDOM

MLA Citation

  • “Mother Marie-Adèle Garnier“. Saints.SQPN.com. 16 June 2014. Web. 28 July 2014. <>

Amadeus VIII

[Amadeus VIII]Derivation

  • Latin: love God

Also known as

  • Felix V

Article

Duke of Savoy. Anti-pope with the name Felix V from 5 November 1439 to 7 April 1449. Married to Mary of Burgundy, with whom he had nine children; she died in 1422. In 1439 he appointed his son regent of his duchy, and withdrew to Ripaille on the Lake of Geneva, where he formed the semi-monastic Order of Saint Maurice. He was chosen pope by the schismatical Council of Basel on 5 November 1439, and crowned there in 1440. Excommunicated by Pope Eugene IV, he received only local recognition. In 1449 he submitted to Pope Nicholas V, thus ending the last papal schism, and was made a cardinal.

Born

Died

MLA Citation

  • “Amadeus VIII”. New Catholic Dictionary. Saints.SQPN.com. 14 June 2014. Web. 28 July 2014. <>

Pope Eugene IV

Also known as

  • Gabriello Condulmaro
  • Gabriello Condulmerio

Profile

Born wealthy. Nephew of Pope Gregory XII. He was described as tall, thin, princely and imposing. Coming into his inheritance, he gave a fortune to the poor, then entered the Augustinian monastery in Venice, Italy. Bishop of Siena, Italy at age 24, but he resigned when his flock objected to being led by a foreigner. Cardinal-priest of San Clement in 1408. Papal legate to Picenum for Pope Martin V. 207th pope.

Eugene continued his life of simple, straightforward, monastic piety as pope, which served as an excellent example; his lack of concern over politics, nepotism, tactfulness, and the standard financial concerns of his predecessors served to disrupt relations with those in high office, both civil and ecclesiastical. On 18 December 1431 Eugene dissolved the Council of Basle; it has been called by Pope Martin V, and had done very little, but the dissolution was seen as an attempt to block reforms. The attendees refused to leave, and on 15 February 1432 issued a statement asserted the authority of a council over a pope. Supported by secular authorities, on 29 April 1432 the Council issued a command for the Pope and his cardinals to appear before them. Schism seemed inevitable, but the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund managed to bring them together, and on 15 December 1433, Eugene acknowledged the Council‘s legitimacy.

In May 1434 some of Eugene’s enemies stirred up a popular revolt against him in Rome, Italy, and the pope was forced to flee to Florence, Italy. His gratitude to the Florentines led to papal support of many of their artists and writers, which in turn led to strengthening of the Humanist movement. Meanwhile, the Council, which still sat, and which was under the leadership of Cardinal d’Allemand of Arles, confiscated all sources of Eugene’s income, and issued statements stripping him of power. Eugene appealled to the thrones of Europe for support, and issued an order for the Council to transfer to Ferrara, Italy. Some of the members ignored the order, and threatend to depose Eugene, but others acknowledged that the pope still had such authority, and moved to Ferrara. There they reconvened on 8 January 1438 under the leadership of Cardinal Albergati where they debated over a year on re-union with the Greek Church. The result was the Decree of Union on 5 July 1439 and a resurgence in the power and prestige of Pope Eugene. The twelve remaining members of the Council at Basle continued to meet, and on 25 June 1439 they claimed to have deposed Eugene; they then elected the anti-pope Felix V, but they were generally ignored. Decrees of re-union were negotiated with the Armenians on 22 November 1439, with the Jacobites in 1443, and with the Nestorians in 1445.

On 28 September 1443, Eugene returned to Rome, secure in his position, and safe from attack. He worked hard in his remaining days to help the sad state of Romans, reconcile all parties to the recent disputes, and improve spiritual life throughout Christendom. He preached Crusade against the advance of the Turks toward Europe, but after some initial battlefield wins the crushing defeat at Varna in 1444 put an end to the campaign.

Born

Papal Ascension

Died

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Eugene IV“. Saints.SQPN.com. 14 June 2014. Web. 28 July 2014. <>

Pope Gregory XV

[Pope Gregory XV]Also known as

  • Alessandro Ludovisio
  • Alessandro Ludovisi

Profile

Educated by the Jesuits. Judge. Archbishop of Cremona, Italy. Papal nuncio to Savoy. Cardinal-priest. Chosen 234th pope in 1621.

Unlike many of his brother popes of the era, Gregory was little involved in European politics. Worked with the Holy Roman Emperor to slow the spread of Protestantism in Germany; helped finance Ferdinand II’s move to reclaim Bohemia. Supported the king of Poland against invading Turks. Supported reforming efforts within the clergy and cloister. Established the Sacred Congregation of Propaganda to regulate missionary work. Founded the International college for Benedictines at Rome, Italy. Issued the last papal ordinance against witchcraft in 1623. Secured more tolerance for Catholics in England. Supported Catholics in the Netherlands. His Bull AEterni Patris laid out the rules that governed papal elections for centuries.

Born

Papal Ascension

Died

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Gregory XV“. Saints.SQPN.com. 10 June 2014. Web. 28 July 2014. <>

Pope Innocent X

[Pope Innocent X]Also known as

Giambattista Pamfili

Profile

Son of Camillo Pamfili and Flaminia de Bubalis. He studied law at the Collegio Romano, and graduated at age twenty. Consistorial advocate and auditor of the Rota for Pope Clement VIII. Papal nuncio to Naples, Italy for Pope Gregory XV. Assistant to the cardinal legate to France and Spain under Pope Urban VIII. Latin Patriarch of Antioch. Papal nuncio at Madrid, Spain. Cardinal-priest of Sant’ Eusebio on 30 August 1626. Member of the congregations of the Council of Trent, the Inquisition, and Jurisdiction and Immunity. Chosen pope as a comprimise candidate among the warring French and Spanish factions in the College of Cardinals.

Innocent was immediately wrapped up in the politics of the day, a time when the politics were literally cut-throat. He was often irresolute, suspicious of everyone, and dependent for advice on his brother’s widow, Donna Olimpia Maidalchini. Because some of the corrupt officials were known to slip outside the papal states with public money, he issued a bull ordering that cardinals who left without permission could not return for six months, and were put on a course to lose their cardinalate and all its perks. The French objected so strongly that troops were sent to the Papal States. On 26 November 1648 he issued a bull which nullified the articles in the Peace of Westphalia that were against Catholicism. On 31 May 1653 he condemned five propositions from the “Augustinus” of Jansenius, which helped start the great Jansenist controversy in France.

Born

Papal Ascension

Died

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Innocent X“. Saints.SQPN.com. 10 June 2014. Web. 28 July 2014. <>

Pope Alexander VII

[Pope Alexander VII]Also known as

    Fabio Chigi

Profile

Born to the nobility, the son of Flavio Chigi and Laura Marsigli. Great-nephew of Pope Paul V. Due to poor health, Fabio was educated at home by his mother and a series of tutors. Doctor of philosophy, law and theology at the University of Siena in 1626. Referendary of the Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature. Referendary of the Tribunal of Justice. Referendary of the Tribunal of Grace. Papal vice-legate in Ferrara, Italy from 1627 to 1632. Inquisitor in Malta. Ordained in December 1634. Bishop of Nardò, Italy on 8 January 1635. Papal nuncio in Cologne, Germany from 11 June 1639 to 1651. Papal envoy extraordinary to the conference in Münster, Germany, in 1644, which negotiated the Peace of Westphalia that ended the Thirty Years’ War. Vatican Secretary of State for Pope Innocent X in 1651. Created cardinal-priest on 19 February 1652. Archbishop of Imola on 13 May 1653. Part of the 80-day conclave of 1655, and unanimously elected 237th Pope.

During his pontificate, repeated difficulties with Louis XIV led to the temporary loss of Avignon, France and acceptance of the humiliating terms of the Treaty of Pisa in 1664. Alexander fought Jansenism by compelling the French clergy to sign his “formulary.” Supported Venice in their fight with the expanding Turks. He was a patron of art, beautified Rome and many of its churches, enlarged the libraries of the Vatican and the Roman University, and befriended men of letters.

Born

Papal Ascension

Died

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Alexander VII“. Saints.SQPN.com. 10 June 2014. Web. 28 July 2014. <>

Pope Clement IX

[Pope Clement IX]Also known as

  • Giulio Rospigliosi

Profile

Noted student at the Roman Seminary and University of Pisa; received his Ph.D at age 23. Professor of philosophy at the University of Pisa. Priest. Member of the papal court, and a friend of Pope Urban VIII. Titular archbishop of Tarsus. Papal nuncio to Spain. Secretary of state and cardinal-priest in the court of Pope Alexander VII. Chosen 238th pope in 1667.

As pope he heard confessions two days a week in Saint Peter’s Basilica, visited the sick in Roman hospitals, refused to have his name put on buildings he financed, and was much beloved for his humility and charity. Re-organized the Church in Portugal. Temporarily calmed the Jansenist dissension in France, period known as the Clementine Peace, (Pax Clementina). Arbitrated the Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle between France and Spain. Cleaned up the Vatican finances. Financially supported Venice against the Turks in defense of Crete.

Born

Papal Ascension

Died

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Clement IX“. Saints.SQPN.com. 10 June 2014. Web. 28 July 2014. <>