Son of Pepin of Herstal; father of Saint Carloman. Duke of Austrasia. By force of arms he became mayor of the palace in 717, and re-established the authority of the Frankish monarchy, conquering the Neustrians, and the Saxons and other Germanic tribes. In 732 he defeated the Moors in the great battle of Tours, and was thereafter called Martel (the Hammer). He used ecclesiastical lands and dignities as military awards, but later restored the rights of the Catholic hierarchy and established social order. At his death, he divided the Empire between his two sons.