Cluny Abbey

[abbey of Cluny]
Sometimes spelled Cluni or Clugny. Celebrated Benedictine monastery, founded in 909 by William, Duke of Aquitaine, in Cluny, Saone-et-Loire, France, which became the mother-house of a vast group of monasteries forming the Congregation of Cluny. It played an important part in the Church reform of the 11th century, and reached the zenith of its glory in the 12th century, when it is said the congregation had 2,000 monasteries. Its leaders and students constitute a list remarkable men; those profiled on this site include

    The abbey-church of Cluny was the largest monument in Christendom before the building of Saint Peter’s of Rome, Italy, and a masterpiece of Romanesque architecture. After the suppression of the monastery in 1790, it was bought by the town and practically razed to the ground. The library was partly destroyed by the Huguenots and again by the mobs of the French Revolution.