Poet. Elected to the chief magistracy of the republic of Venice by the White or constitutional party, he was permanently exiled<>/a> in 1302 when the Blacks were restored to power. He had already written his first book, the (), a history of his spiritual love for Beatrice, wife of Simone de’ Bardi. In 1309, in anticipation of the visit to Italy of Emperor Henry VII, he wrote his famous treatise on the monarchy and in 1317, having settled at Ravenna, completed his masterpiece, the , an allegory of human life in the form of a vision of the world beyond the grave, Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise, written with the avowed object of converting a corrupt society. It is the last book of the Middle Ages, epitomizes the knowledge and attainments of the preceding centuries, and gives a picture of Catholicism in 13th-century Italy.