Feuillants

Latin: folium, leaf

A reform of the Order of Citeaux, founded by Jean de La Barriere, 1573, at Les Feuillans, a monastery so called from its location in a shady valley. Several of the monks refused to accept the reform and dispersed to various Cistercian houses, leaving only five at Les Feuillans. The community increased rapidly, however, by the admission of postulants. In 1581 Pope Gregory XIII issued a Brief of commendation, and in 1589 one of confirmation, establishing the Feuillants as a separate congregation. Pope Sixtus V summoned them to Rome, Italy in 1587, and gave them the church of Saint Pudentiana, while Henry III of France erected the monastery of Saint Bernard for them in Paris, France. Pope Clement VIII, in 1595, withdrew the reform from the jurisdiction of Cistercian abbots and permitted the Feuillants to compile new constitutions. They acquired a second monastery in Rome in 1598. Pope Urban VIII, in 1630, separated the congregation into two branches: that of France, called Notre-Dame des Feuillants, and that of Italy, known as the Bernardoni or Reformed Bernardines. In 1634 these two branches modified the constitutions of 1595. At the suppression of religious orders in France, 1791, practically all the Feuillants were confessors, exiles, or martyrs. The Bernardines of Italy subsequently incorporated with the Order of Citeaux.