Mother of God

Title of Our Lady first used by Saint Elizabeth at the Visitation, “And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me,” (Luke 1:43). Found in early liturgical prayers, according to Saint Cyril (5th century), this term Theotokos (bearing God) was perfectly familiar to the ancient fathers. It was employed by Saint Ignatius of Antioch (c.90) and Saint Athanasius (c.373) and finally sanctioned at the Council of Ephesus (431).