anthropology

(Greek: anthropos, man; logos, science of)

Strictly speaking, should embrace the study of all that constitutes a human being, body and soul, social relations, past history and development, but its meaning is restricted to the study of the physical or bodily characteristics of a human being only, measurement of various parts of the body, shape of head, jaw, hand, color of skin, eyes, hair, characteristics of speech. Too often the term is confused with ethnology which properly considers the racial and social traits of man and data for the comparative study of religions. The conclusions to which anthropologists have so far arrived are not of great importance, nor are they well established.

New Catholic Dictionary

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