A party to an ecclesiastical trial who considers that he has a grievance against the sentence, as well as the promoter of justice and the defender of the bond, in suits in which they took part, have the right of appealing from the sentence to the next highest court or to the Holy See.
Within ten days from the notification of the sentence, the appeal is lodged before the lower court.
It should as a rule be in writing, though an oral application is allowed at times.
Within the next month, unless the lower judge grants an extension of the time, the one appealing must follow up his application by calling on the higher court to amend the decision, enclosing a copy of the sentence and of his own bill of appeal.
The appeal suspends the effects of the first sentence, unless the law states otherwise.
The court of appeal has to confine itself to the exact case decided by the lower court, but will admit any additional proofs that have come to light in the meantime.
There is an appeal from non-judicial acts which is an appeal in the wide sense and is treated under the word recourse.
New Catholic Dictionary