São Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos
City, capital of the state of the same name, Brazil.
Thome de Sousa, first governor of Brazil, arrived at Bahia in 1549 with six Jesuits, the first to come to the New World, and two days later the first Mass was said there.
In 1553 Venerable Jose Anchieta, S.J., the apostle of Brazil, founded a native mission near the city.
The seminary at Bahia was founded by Damasus de Abreu Vieira, O.F.M., and in 1583 the Benedictines established the Abbey of São Sebastiao.
In 1581 there were 62 churches in Bahia, and the neighboring region.
In the beginning of the 19th century Bahia contained houses of the Benedictines, Franciscans, Carmelites, Augustinians, Italian Capuchins, and the Mendicants of the Holy Land, also the Carmelite, Trinitarian, Franciscan, and Dominican tertiaries, a Mercy hospital, a leper hospital, two orphanages, and many schools.
It is the seat of an archbishop.
New Catholic Dictionary