Filippo Brunelleschi

[Filippo Brunelleschi] Architect and sculptor; also known as Brunellesco, Filippo. Born in 1377 in Florence, Italy; died there in 1446. Several examples of his sculptural work are extant, and his model for the reliefs of the second bronze door of the baptistery at Florence was awarded second prize. He revived the classical style of architecture in Italy, and was the first to apply perspective to art according to definitely formulated rules. His masterpiece was the dome erected according to his designs to complete the cathedral church of Florence, Santa Maria del Fiore. Other examples of his work are the polygonal dome of San Lorenzo, the Pazzi chapel, and the church of Santo Spirito, Florence

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