(Buda, brother of Attila; Old Slavic: pesti, oven)
Capital of Hungary, comprising Buda on the right bank of the Danube and Pest on the left, which were united on 17 November 1873.
Old Buda, originally a Roman colony, Aquincum, was captured by the Magyars in the 10th century.
The Turks held it from 1541 to 1686, during which Pest was almost destroyed.
The city made great progress in the 19th century.
Among buildings of Catholic interest are the Coronation or Matthias church, begun in the 13th century and finished in the 15th, and the Saint Stephen Basilica.
The predominant religion is Catholic, of which there was a remarkable revival since World War I.
Budapest is included in the Archdiocese of Gran.
New Catholic Dictionary