Campeggio, Lorenzo

(c.1472-1539) Cardinal, canonist, ecclesiastical diplomat, and reformer, born Bologna, Italy; died Rome, Italy. After the death of his wife, 1509, he entered the ecclesiastical state and was appointed Bishop of Feltre, 1512, and auditor of the Rota. He was nominated cardinal, 1517, while in Germany on a diplomatic mission to Maximilian I; the following year he was sent qn a similar embassy to Henry VIII of England, sharing his legatine powers with Cardinal Wolsey. Under Pope Adrian VI he instigated the reform of the Curia. Clement VII appointed him to the See of Bologna and sent him as cardinal legate to Germany, but he was unsuccessful in checking the spread of Lutheranism. In 1528 he was sent to England to form jointly with Wolsey a court to try the divorce suit of Henry VIII. He endeavored to bring about the reconciliation of Henry and Catherine, and postponed a final decision, the case being reserved to the Holy See. He subsequently accompanied Charles V to the Diet of Ausburg as legate. He was appointed to the See of Praeneste by Paul III, and was sent to Vicenza for the opening of the Council of Trent.

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