Domenico Capranica

Cardinal, theologian, canonist, and statesman. Born in 1400 in Capranica, Italy; died in 1458 in Rome, Italy. A Doctor of Canon and Civil Law, 1421, he became secretary to Martin V and was made cardinal "in petto" by the pope, 1423 or 1426, the first known instance of the use of this reservation. He became Bishop of Fermo, but was refused the red hat when Martin died, 1431. The Council of Basle upheld his claims and he was reconciled with Eugene IV, 1434. A reformer and diplomat, he carried put twelve responsible embassies for the Apostolic See, and founded the College Capranica for poor students, 1457.

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