Pope Celestine III

[arms of Pope Celestine III] Reigned from 30 March 1191 to 8 January 1198. Born c.1106 at Rome, Italy as Giacinto Bobone; died there. A cardinal, he became a priest, was consecrated bishop, and elected pope on consecutive days. He anointed and crowned Henry VI of Germany. Although lenient with Henry, he was firm with Alfonso IX of Leon and Philip Augustus of France in defense of the ecclesiastical marriage laws. He confirmed the military Order of Teutonic Knights.

New Catholic Dictionary

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