Champlain, Samuel de

[Samuel de Champlain] (1570-1635) Founder of Quebec and father of New France, born Brouage, France; died Quebec, Canada. He was a navigator and geographer to the king, and suggested uniting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by a canal through Nicaragua. In 1603 he visited Canada, and chose the site of Quebec for a future colony, which he established in 1608. He made extensive explorations of the surrounding country, following the Saint Lawrence, crossng Lake Ontario, and discovering Lake Champlain. He became involved in Indian warfare in defense of Quebec. His writings are descriptive of his voyages and discoveries. He was a true Christian explorer. He introduced into New France the custom of ringing the Angelus, as a means of signalling the time.

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