Champollion, Jean François
Orientalist, born Figeac, France; died Paris, France.
He was particularly distinguished as an Egyptologist, was curator of the Egyptian museum of the Louvre, accompanied Rosellini on a voyage of exploration to Egypt, and was appointed to the chair of Egyptian archaeology at the College de France, a post specially created for him.
His chief glory consists in having discovered through the Rosetta Stone a key for deciphering hieroglyphics.
The system was published, 1824.
He was the author of numerous works on Egyptology, including a valuable Egyptian grammar and dictionary.
New Catholic Dictionary