Archbishop of New Orleans, born Runes, Lozere, France; died New Orleans, Louisiana.
He studied at Saint Mary's Seminary, Baltimore, and was ordained in 1865.
Consecrated coadjutor Archbishop of Santa Fe in 1891, he succeeded to the see in 1894, being transferred to New Orleans in 1891.
Appointed Apostolic Delegate to Cuba and Puerto Rico and Envoy Extraordinary to the Philippine Islands, he helped to have inserted in the treaty of peace between the United States and Spain the clause confirming to the Catholic Church the possession of the property she controlled under the Spanish government.
As Apostolic Delegate to the Philippines, he reorganized the affairs of the Church.
New Catholic Dictionary