Born Dole, France, 1822; died near Sevres, 1895.
Father of bacteriology, and founder of biotherapeutics.
He was professor of chemistry at the Sorbonne and founder and director of the Pasteur Institute.
His discoveries of germs and their action in disease caused him to invent vaccines; that for rabies was beneficial to all humanity.
Famed for his experiments in fermentation, for successfully combating the silk worm disease which perserved that industry in France, his vaccine against hydrophobia, and the process known as Pasteurization for preventing deterioration in beer, wine, and milk.
New Catholic Dictionary