Christian

Name by which believers in Christ were known soon after His Ascension; it occurs twice in Acts, 11 and 26, and in 1 Peter, 4. Also, the name of the religion which He founded, of its doctrines and precepts; of the life, habits of virtue, piety, spirit and character of His followers; of the Church which is rightly known by this name, as against sects which assume it (Christian Scientists, Christian Socialists); of the civilization which this religion developed in the world as distinguished from the civilizations of paganism, Islamism, Judaism.

New Catholic Dictionary

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