Group of churches which originated early in the 19th century for "greater freedom from ecclesiastical domination, and a closer affiliation of men and women of different creeds and lines of belief."
In 1864 at Terre Haute, Indiana, a general convention was attended by delegates from the various states and the following principles were adopted:
The movement, which spread rapidly, had among its leaders J. F. Given, J. V. B. Flack, and Ira Norris.
Local organizations are now known by various names; in the Middle West, where the movement began, the original name, The Christian Union, is still retained, while farther west the names Church of Christ, and Church of Christ in Christian Union, are employed.
Although differing in name these organizations are affiliated and recognize each other as part of the same general movement.
They publish one periodical.
In 1925 in the United States there were: 386 ministers; 323 churches; and 17,800 communicants.
- (1) the oneness of the Church of Christ;
- (2) Christ the only head;
- (3) the Bible the only rule of faith and practise;
- (4) good fruits the only condition of fellowship;
- (5) Christian Union without controversy;
- (6) each local church self-governing;
- (7) political preaching discountenanced.
New Catholic Dictionary