Clement XI, Pope

[coat of arms of Pope Clement XI] (Giovanni Francesco Albani) (1700-1721) Born Urbino, Italy, 1649; died Rome, Italy. Bishop of Rieti, Sabina, and Orvieto, he filled many important offices offices and was appointed cardinal-priest. He opposed nepotism, and labored unsuccessfully for the peace of Europe, becoming involved in disputes with Russia, Austria, Poland, and Naples, and over the question of the Spanish succession. His Bull "Unigenitus" opposed Jansenism. He established and strengthened the foreign missions, and enlarged the Vatican Library.

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