Anthoon van Dyck; Sir Anthony van Dyck
Painter and etcher, born Antwerp, Belgium, 1599; died London, England, 1641.
He was the pupil of Hendrik Van Balen and showed such precocious talent that he assisted Rubens in his studio from 1615-1620.
Five years in Italy, 1621-1626, matured and beautified his art, and his portraits of Genoese nobility done during this period are among his finest paintings.
He was invited to England in 1632 by Charles I, who appointed him painter to the royal family, and knighted him.
During the next decade he executed the numerous portraits of Charles, Henrietta Maria, and their children, by which he is undoubtedly best known.
In portraiture he is esteemed next to Titian.
Splendid examples are the "Charles I" of the Louvre, "Philippe Le Roy" of the Wallace collection, and "Cornelius Van der Geest" of the National Gallery.
The popular "Baby Stuart" is a detail from the group of the royal children in the Pina'coteca of Turin.
His numerous religious paintings included several well-known "Crucifixions" and many Madonnas, among them the "Madonna of the Rosary," painted for the Oratory of the Rosary in Palermo.
New Catholic Dictionary