Jacques Marquette

[Jacques Marquette] Jesuit geographer, discoverer of the Mississippi, born Laon, France, 1636; died near Ludington, Michigan, 1675. He was sent to the Canadian mission (1666) and labored successfully at Trois Rivieres, Sault Sainte Marie, and La Pointe on the southwest shore of Lake Superior. Learning from some Illinois of the existence of a great river to the south, he set out with Joliet in 1673 and proceeding by Green Bay, Fox River, and the Wisconsin, reached the Mississippi, which he descended to the mouth of the Arkansas; there fear of the Spaniards induced him to return by way of Lake Michigan, where Chicago now stands. He has left a valuable diary of his voyage with maps. Two years later he returned to preach to the Illinois, where he died exhausted by his labors. His statue has been placed by the State of Wisconsin in the Hall of Fame, Washington.

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