Francisco Herrera; El Viejo; Francisco the Elder

Painter, born Seville, Spain, 1576; died Madrid, Spain, 1656. Famous for his bold realism, he is considered the founder of the Spanish school. He was the teacher of Velasquez until his temper drove the pupil away as it had many others. His paintings were mainly religious and genre subjects. His masterpiece is the "Last Judgment," in the church of San Bernardo in Seville. In the archiepiscopal palace in Madrid is his "Moses smiting the Rock," and in the Louvre "Saint Basil dictating his Doctrine."

New Catholic Dictionary

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