Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Painter, born Montauban, France, 1780; died Paris, France, 1867.
He was the son of a sculptor, and the pupil of Jacques Louis David.
Going to Rome in 1806 he remained in Italy until 1824, his art being much influenced by the study of Raphael.
On returning to Paris he became the head of the Classic school as opposed to the younger Romantics.
He was in Rome again from 1834-1841, as the director of the French Academy there.
He left many historical paintings, but his reputation depends more on single figures which exhibit his high attainment in draughtsmanship.
Among these are "AEdipus and the Sphinx" and "La Source," both in the Louvre, the latter completed in his seventy-fifth year.
In the Louvre also are the ceiling decoration, "The Apotheosis of Homer," "Christ Delivering the Keys to Peter," and "Joan of Arc at the Coronation of Charles VII."
New Catholic Dictionary