Archbishop of Saint Paul, born Kilkenny, Ireland, 1838; died Saint Paul, Minnesota, 1918.
He came to Saint Paul in 1852 with his parents, and made his ecclesiastical studies (1853-1864) at the Seminary of Belley, France.
In 1861 he was chaplain of the 5th Minnesota Regiment in the Civil War.
Subsequently he was Vicar Apostolic of Nebraska, and coadjutor Bishop of Saint Paul, and on 15 May 1888, was consecrated archbishop.
He organized a systematic movement for the colonization of different parts of Minnesota, and various settlements owe their origin and prosperity to his labors.
Archbishop Ireland was a potent factor in the development of the Church in the Northwest, and he exercised a strong influence at Washington in matters in which religion was concerned, such as the Indian Missions, and the Church properties in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.
New Catholic Dictionary