Historian, born Xanten, Germany, 1827; died Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany, 1891.
He was apprenticed to a coppersmith, but was allowed to abandon this trade and follow his aptitude for study.
He had a long career as professor of history, devoting his spare time to research.
Ill-health prevented his being ordained until 1860.
He is the author of many valuable works on historical subjects, the most important of which is his "," eight volumes of which have appeared; the last two were published by his friend and pupil, Ludwig Pastor.
Owing to the literary and critical merits of his works, he must be placed among the foremost Catholic historians of the 19th century.
New Catholic Dictionary