Pope John VIII
Reigned from 872 to 882.
Born in Rome, Italy; died there.
He was an archdeacon before his election and is considered one of the greatest popes of the 9th century.
He confirmed the permission granted by Adrian II to Saint Methodius to use the Slavonic language in the liturgy of the Church; endeavored to restore the Bulgarians to the jurisdiction of the Holy See; and condemned the schismatic Photius.
Finding ecclesiastical offices in the hands of disreputable nobles, he excommunicated them and drove them from Rome.
He supported Louis II and later; Charles the Bald, and secured the imperial throne, for his candidate Charles the Fat.
He was constantly attacked by Guido of Spoleto and the Saracens.
Against the latter he made war, patrolling the coast in person.
Later, attacked by Lambert of Spoleto he fled to France where he crowned Louis the Stammerer, King of France in 878.
Unceasing in his attempts to promote peace in Christendom, and to destroy the Saracen influence, the pope journeyed from one kingdom to another, sent legates to rulers, and aided their enterprises with subsidies.
New Catholic Dictionary