Pope John XXII

[coat of arms of Pope John XXII] [portrait of Pope John XXII] Reigned from 5 September 1316 to 4 December 1334. Born in 1249 in Cahors, France as Jacques d'Euse; died on 4 December 1334 at Avignon, France. Bishop of Frejus. Chancellor to Charles II of Naples. Bishop of Avignon, France. Cardinal-bishop of Porto. Elected 196th pope after an interregnum of over two years, he took up his residence at Avignon. During his pontificate he was involved in controversies with the Franciscans and Conventuals, and with Louis of Bavaria whom he admonished not to exercise his rights until the legitimacy of the election had been approved. The subsequent action of Louis brought on his excommunication and, with the protection of the Colonna family, he came to Rome in 1328, declared John deposed and set up the anti-pope Pietro Rainalducci (Nicholas V) who later came to Avignon, penitent, and was absolved in 1330. As pope John enlarged and partly reorganized the papal Curia, and was very active in the administration of the ecclesiastical revenues.

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