Pierre Simon Laplace

[Pierre Simon Laplace] [calorimeter of LaPlace and LaVoisier] Catholic mathematical and physical astronomer, born Beaumont-en-Auge, 23 March 1749; died Paris, France, 5 March 1827. Known as "the Newton of France," and the great master in celestial mechanics. Made valuable contributions to the theory of ellipsoidal attraction and the theory of probability. In his honor spherical harmonics are called "Laplace's coefficients." His "System of the World," and "The Mechanics of the Heavens," containing explanations of his theories and discoveries in astronomy, secured his admission to the French Academy of Sciences (1785). He was one of the founders of the Bureau of Longitudes, and was made a member of the principal academies of Europe.

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