Pope Leo XI

[Pope Leo XI] [coat of arms of Pope Leo XI] Reigned from 1 April to 27 April 1605. Born on 2 June 1535 in Florence, Italy as Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici; died in Rome, Italy on 27 April 1605. Of a famous Florentine family he held the position of ambassador at the court of Tuscany for 15 years; then he was elected Bishop of Pistoia, and Archbishop of Florence. As cardinal he was sent to the French court of Henry IV where he was instrumental in repressing Huguenot influence. Later he was made Cardinal-bishop of Porto, and of Palestrina. Philip Neri was his adviser in many important matters. He reigned less than one month and accomplished no important acts.

New Catholic Dictionary

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