John McLoughlin

Physician and pioneer, known as the "Father of Oregon"; born La Riviere du Loup, Canada, 1784; died Oregon City, 1857. He gave up the practise of medicine to become a partner of the Hudson Bay Company. For 22 years he was its able executive in the Oregon Country, and there were no Indian wars until after he had resigned. He founded Oregen City, protected missionaries of all denominations, and aided citizens of the United States who wished to settle in Oregon. For this last reason his Canadian firm forced him out of office. He became a Catholic, and when action was started against his land claims by some Methodist missionaries, it resulted in his losing his fortune. Later the Oregon legislature restored the territory to his heirs, but McLoughlin had died in poverty, the victim of ingratitude.

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