Marie Edmé Patrice Maurice de MacMahon

Duke of Magenta, Marshal of France, President of the French Republic, born Sully, France, 1808; died Montcresson, 1893. He had a military career of 20 years in Algeria, participated in the Crimean War, in the Italian War brought about the victory of Magenta (1859), and was created Marshal and Duke of Magenta on the field of battle, and Governor General of Algeria; participated in Franco-Prussian War; led the army to Sedan where Napoleon III capitulated. In 1873 the National Assembly elected him president of the new Republic. His sane policy promoted the establishment of the Republic; he retarded when possible, political parties hostile to the Church. Resigned 1879, esteemed by all parties.

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