Penitent women in the care of certain religious communities, who seek to reform and remain in community life; also those of blameless reputation who are admitted under the same name. Naumburg-on-the-Queis (1217) and Speyer (1226) were among the first German foundations. Pope Gregory IX prescribed the Rule of Saint Augustine for the penitents and most of the Magdalens adopted this, although many of the German houses subsequently became affiliated with the Dominicans or Franciscans. Among other prominent communities of Magdalens were: Marseilles, 1272; Naples, 1324; Rue Saint-Denis (Paris), 1492; Rome, 1520; Seville, 1550; Paris, 1592; Rouen; and Bordeaux. Institutions still exist, e.g., at Lauban (1320) and Studenz for the care of the aged and infirm.

New Catholic Dictionary

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