(Anglo-Saxon: man, a person)
Common sense philosophy defines man as a rational animal, or as a being composed of a body and a rational soul.
The fact that man's soul is rational leads us to the conclusion that it is also spiritual and by its very nature immortal.
Also from the rationality of man's soul flows his freedom of will.
Nothing that science has discovered in its search during the last decades contradicts these conclusions.
Philosophy adds that the soul of each individual man is produced by a creative act of God's omnipotence, and that man's ultimate end is the glory of God.
What philosophy proves to the trained mind by reasoning, the child learns easily through faith in Divine Revelation.
But Revelation also adds the fact of man's fall, which reason only dimly suspects, of man's redemption through the Incarnation and Death of the Second Person of the Trinity, of the institution of the Church, which is commanded to carry on the work of redemption till the end of time.
Revelation also allows us a glimpse into the future.
At the end of time, all the dead will rise again to receive at the universal judgment the reward or punishment for their deeds.
New Catholic Dictionary