archdiocese of Manila, Philippine Islands

Erected as the diocese of Manila on 6 February 1579. Elevated to the archdiocese of Manila on 14 August 1595. Suffragan sees: The following religious orders were represented in the diocese at an early date: Augustinians (1565), Franciscans (1577), Jesuits (1581), Dominicans (1587), and Recollect Fathers (1600). Domingo de Salazar (died 1594) was the first bishop, his successors including Miguel de Benavides (1603-1605), founder of the University of Santo Tomas at Manila, Pedro Payo (1876-1889), who built the cathedral, Jeremiah Harty, first American archbishop there (1903-1916).

New Catholic Dictionary

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