archdiocese of Manila, Philippine Islands
Erected as the diocese of Manila on 6 February 1579.
Elevated to the archdiocese of Manila on 14 August 1595.
The following religious orders were represented in the diocese at an early date: Augustinians (1565), Franciscans (1577), Jesuits (1581), Dominicans (1587), and Recollect Fathers (1600).
Domingo de Salazar (died 1594) was the first bishop, his successors including Miguel de Benavides (1603-1605), founder of the University of Santo Tomas at Manila, Pedro Payo (1876-1889), who built the cathedral, Jeremiah Harty, first American archbishop there (1903-1916).
- San Pablo
New Catholic Dictionary